and Related Topics – June 2003
Francis G. Lu, M.D.
Professor of Clinical Psychiatry
Director, Cultural Competence and Diversity Program
Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco General Hospital
University of California, San Francisco
*Alarcón, R. (Ed.). (1995). Cultural Psychiatry. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 18:3. Outstanding overview mainly along diagnostic categories.
**Alarcón, R. D., Foulks, E. F., & Vakkur, M. (1998). Personality Disorders and Culture: Clinical and Conceptual Interactions. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. An immediate classic on culture and personality disorders.
Akhtar, S., & Kramer, S. (Eds.). (1998). The Colors of Childhood: Separation - Individuation - Across Cultural, Racial and Ethnic Diversity. New York, NY: Jason Aronson.
Akhtar, S. (1999). Immigration and Identity. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc. A psychodynamic perspective on an important cultural identity issue.
**American Medical Association. (1999). Cultural Competence Compendium. Chicago, ILL: American Medical Association. An essential reference.
American Psychiatric Association Task Force. (1994). Report on Ethnic Minority Elderly. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Aponte, J. F., & Wohl, J. (Eds.). (2000). Psychological Intervention and Cultural Diversity (Second Edition). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
*Association of American Medical Colleges. (1998 - 2002). Medical School Objectives Project , Part I-V. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges. Essential for medical student education. (www.aamc.org)
Axtell, R. E. (1997). Gestures: The Do's and TABOOs of Body Language Around the World. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
*Berzoff, J., Flanagan, L. M., & Hertz, P. (1996). Inside Out and Outside In. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc. Discusses impact of cultural identity variables (race, gender, class, etc.) on psychotherapy.
Boehnlein, J (Ed.). (2000). Religion and Psychiatry. Washington, D.C.: APPI Press. An important update on issues at the interface.
*Boorstein, S. (1997). Clinical Studies in Transpersonal Psychotherapy. Albany, NY, State University of New York Press. Case-based approach from a seasoned clinician.
Bynum B. (1999). The African Unconscious. New York, NY, Teachers College Press.
*** Cabaj, R., & Stein, T. (Eds.). (1996). Textbook of Homosexuality and Mental Health. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Very comprehensive. The standard textbook in this area.
***The California Endowment (2003). Principles and Recommended Standards for Cultural Competence Education of Health Care Professionals. Woodland Hills, CA: Author. (www.calendow.org)
The California Endowment (2003). A Manager’s Guide to Cultural Competence Education for Health Care Professionals. Woodland Hills, CA: Author.
The California Endowment (2003). Resources in Cultural Competence Education for Health Care Professionals. Woodland Hills, CA: Author.
*Canino, I. & Spurlock, J. (2000). Culturally Diverse Children and Adolescents. (Second Edition). New York, NY: Guilford. Practical guidelines.
Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S. (Eds.). (2000). Varieties of Anomalous Experience: Examining the Scientific Evidence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
*Carter, R. (1995). The Influence of Race and Racial Identity in Psychotherapy. New York, NY: Wiley. Focuses comprehensively on race/psychotherapy.
Castillo, R. J. (Ed.). (1998). Meanings of Madness. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co, Pacific Grove, CA. Compendium of classic readings on culture and mental illness.
*Castillo, R. (1997). Culture and Mental Illness: A Client Centered Approach. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Discusses assessment, therapy and cultural issues within diagnostic categories.
***Center for Mental Health Services/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (1998). Cultural Competence Standards in Managed Care Mental Health Services for Four Underserved/Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Groups. Washington, DC: CMHS/SAMHSA. Essential for understanding systems cultural competence. (www.mentalhealth.org. Search for “Cultural Competence Standards in Managed Care Mental Health Services.”)
**Center for Substance Abuse Treatment/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (1999). Cultural Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment, Washington, D.C: CSAT/SAMHSA. An outstanding monograph on substance abuse.
Chun, K. M., Balls Organista, P. & Marin, G. (Eds.). (2003). Acculturation. Advances in Theory, Measurement and Applied Research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
*Comas-Diaz, L., & Greene, B. (Eds.). (1994). Women of Color: Integrating Ethnic and Gender Identities in Psychotherapy. New York, NY: Guilford Press. The best textbook on this topic.
Comas-Diaz, L. & Griffith, E. (Eds.). (1988). Clinical Guidelines in Cross-Cultural Mental Health. New York, NY: J. Wiley.
Cuellar, I., & Paniagua, F. A. (Eds.). (2000). Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
*Dana, R. H. (1997). Understanding Cultural Identity in Intervention and Assessment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Dana, R. H. (1993). Multicultural Assessment Perspectives for Professional Psychology. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Davis-Russell, Elizabeth (Ed.). (2002). California School of Professional Psychology Handbook of Multicultural Education, Research, Intervention, and Training. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
*DeLoache, J., & Gottlieb, A. (2000). A World of Babies. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Imagined childcare guides for seven societies.
Desjarlais, R., Eisenberg, L., Good, B., & Kleinman, A. (1995). World Mental Health. New York, NY: Oxford Press. Well-researched exposition on the major challenges in global mental health.
Ewalt, P. L., Freeman, E. M., Kirk, S. A., & Poole, D. L. (Eds.). (1997). Multicultural Issues in Social Work. Washington, DC: NASW Press.
*Fadiman, A. (1997). The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. New York, NY: The Noonday Press. An extraordinary story about the importance of cultural competence in medical care.
**Friedman, S. (Ed.). (1997). Cultural Issues in the Treatment of Anxiety. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Essential reading for those treating Anxiety Disorders.
*Foster, R. P., Moskowitz, M., & Javier, R. A. (Eds.). (1996). Reaching Across Boundaries of Culture and Class. Widening the Scope of Psychotherapy. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc.
Foster, R. P. (1998). The Power of Language in the Clinical Process: Assessing and Treating the Bilingual Person. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc
Fukuyama, M. A. and Sevig, T. D., (1999). Integrating Spirituality Into Multicultural Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE Publications.
Garcia, J. & Zea, M. (Eds.). (1997). Psychological Interventions and Research with Latino Populations. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
*Gardiner, H. W., Mutter, J. D., & Kosmitzki, C. (1998). Lives Across Culture: Cross-Cultural Human Development. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
**Gaw, A. (2001). The Concise Guide to Cross-Cultural Psychiatry. Wasington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
**Gaw, A. (Ed.). (1993). Culture, Ethnicity, and Mental Health. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Comprehensive overview by ethnic minority groups.
Gibbs, J., et al, (Eds.). (1997). Children of Color: Psychological Interventions with Minority Youth (Revised ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Goldberger, N., & Veroff, J. (Eds.). (1995). The Culture and Psychology Reader. New York, NY: New York University Press. Contains seminal chapters/papers on assessment, family, therapy.
Gordon, J. (Ed.). (1996). Managing Multiculturalism in Substance Abuse Services. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
*Griffith, J. and Griffith, M. (2001). Encountering the Sacred in Psychotherapy: How to Talk with People About Their Spiritual Lives. New York: Guilford Press.
Grinberg, L., & Grinberg, R. (1989). Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Migration and Exile. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
***Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. (2002). Cultural Assessment in Clinical Psychiatry. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. Explicates the DSM-IV Outline for Cultural Formulation and presents six clinical cases.
Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. (1996). Alcoholism in the United States: Racial and Ethnic Considerations. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Harris, H. W., Blue, H. C., & Griffith, E. (Eds.). (1995). Racial and Ethnic Identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
***Hays, P. A. (2001). Addressing Cultural Complexities in Practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Very highly recommended companion to the DSM-IV Outline for Cultural Formulation.
**Helms, J. E., & Cook, D. A. (1999). Using Race and Culture in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theory and Process: Allyn & Bacon, Inc, Boston, MA.
An outstanding textbook on racial and cultural themes in psychotherapy.
Hernandez, M., & Isaacs, M. R. (1998). Promoting Cultural Competence in Children's Mental Health Services: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co, Baltimore, MD. An essential guide to cultural competence in this area.
Hood, R., Spilka, B., Hunsberger, B., & Gorsuch, R. (1996). The Psychology of Religion. (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
***Institute of Medicine (2002). Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.
Institute of Medicine (2002). Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication Strategies for Diverse Populations. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.
Jackson, L. C., & Greene, B. (Eds.). (2000). Psychotherapy with African American Women. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Jaranson, J. and Popkin, M. (Eds.) 1998. Caring for Victims of Torture. Washington, D.C.: AAPI Press.
**Johnson-Powell, G. & Yamamoto, J. (Eds.). (1997). Transcultural Child Development: Psychological Assessment and Treatment. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Comprehensive update of the 1983 classic The Psychosocial Development of Minority Group Children.
Jones, J. (1997). Prejudice and Racism. (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Outstanding historical and sociological perspectives.
** Kleinman, A. (1988). Rethinking Psychiatry. New York, NY: Free Press. The most important conceptual work in cross-cultural psychiatry - a classic.
***Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Handbook of Religion and Health. Oxford, NY: University Press. An encyclopedic review of the research literature for health and mental health.
**Koenig, H. G. (Ed.). (1998). Handbook of Religion and Mental Health. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
**Larson, D. B., Lu, F. G. & Swyers, J. P. (Eds.). (1997). Model Curriculum for Psychiatry Residency Training Programs: Religion and Spirituality in Clinical Practice. (Revised Edition), Rockville, Maryland: The National Institute for Healthcare Research. Very important for those planning curriculum in this area.
Larson, D. B., Swyers, J. P., & Mccullough, M. E. (Eds.). (1998). Scientific Research on Spirituality and Health: A Consensus Report. (revised edition), Rockville, MD: National Institute for Healthcare Research (NIHR). An extraordinary synthesis of the research literature.
*Lee, E. (Ed.). (1997). Working with Asian Americans. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. An important comprehensive clinically oriented text.
Lee, L. C., & Zane, N. W. S. (Eds.) (1998). Handbook of Asian American Psychology. Sage Publications, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Leininger, M., McFarland, M. (2002). Transcultural Nursing. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Lin, K.-M., et al, (Eds.). (1993). Psychopharmacology and Psychobiology of Ethnicity. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Linde, P. (2001). Of Spirits & Madness: An American Psychiatrist in Africa. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Lipson, J. G., & Steiger, N. J. (1996). Self-Care Nursing in a Multicultural Context. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
*Lipson, J. G., Dibble, S. L., & Minarik, P. A. (Eds.). (1996). Culture & Nursing Care: A Pocket Guide. San Francisco, CA: UCSF Nursing Press. Essential for nursing care of culturally diverse patients.
Locke, D. (1998). Improving Multicultural Understanding. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
*Lopez, A., & Carrillo, E. (Eds.). (2001). The Latino Psychiatric Patient: Assessment and Treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. The only volume that reviews specific issues from specific Central and Latin American countries.
Marsella, A. J., Friedman, M. J., Gerrity, E. T., & Scurfield, R. M. (Eds.). (1996). Ethnocultural Aspects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Issues, Research and Clinical Applications. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Essential overview for those working in this area.
**McGoldrick, M., Giordano, J., & Pearce, J. (Eds.). (1996). Ethnicity and Family Therapy (Second edition ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.. Outstanding, comprehensive review of cultures and family systems.
*McGoldrick, M. (Ed.). (1998). Re-Visioning Family Therapy. Race, Culture, and Gender in Clinical Practice. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
*Mezzich, J., Kleinman, A., Fabrega, H., & Parron, D. (Eds.). (1996). Culture and Psychiatric Diagnosis. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Papers from the NIMH Workgroup on Culture, Diagnosis and Care submitted to APA Task Force on DSM-IV.
*Miller, W. R., Ed. (1999). Integrating Spirituality Into Treatment. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association. Well-researched and practical.
*Mutha, S., Allen, C., Welch, M. (2002). Toward Culturally Competent Care: A Toolbox for Teaching Communication Strategies. San Francisco: UCSF Center for the Health Professions.
Nagayama-Hall, G. C., & Okazaki, S. (Eds.). (2003). Asian American Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
*New York State Office of Mental Health. (1998). Cultural Competence Performance Measures for Managed Behavioral Healthcare Programs. Albany, NY: New York State Office of Mental Health. Essential to understand systems cultural competence. An update can be found at www.csipmh.rfmh.org.
Okasha, A., J. Arboleda-Florez, & Sartorius, M. (Eds.). (2000). Ethics, Culture and Psychiatry: International Perspectives. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
*Okpaku, S. O. (Ed.). (1998). Clinical Methods in Transcultural Psychiatry. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
Paniagua, F. (1998). Assessing and Treating Culturally Diverse Individuals. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
*Paniagua, F. (2001). Diagnosis in a Multicultural Context: A Casebook for Mental Health Professionals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Pargament, K. (1997). The Psychology of Religion and Coping. New York: Guilford Press.
Parham, T. A. (Ed.). (2002). Counseling Persons of African Descent. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
**Pedersen, P. B., Draguns, J. G., Lonner, W. J., & Trimble, J. E. (Eds.). (2002). Counseling Across Cultures (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Cutting-edge chapters from a counseling psychology perspective.
***Pinderhughes, E. (1988). Understanding Race, Ethnicity and Power. New York, NY: Free Press. A classic on the impact of race, ethnicity, and power on the interpersonal dynamics in therapy. Experientially focused.
**Ponterotto, J., Casas, J., Suzuki, L., & Alexander, C. (Eds.). (2001). Handbook of Multicultural Counseling (2nd. ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.. The standard textbook. Very comprehensive.
Ponterotto, J. & Pedersen, P. (1993). Preventing Prejudice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
*Pope-Davis, D., & Coleman, H. (Eds.). (2001). The Intersection of Race, Class and Gender: Implications for Multicultural Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
*Pope-Davis, D. B. & Coleman, H. L. K. (Eds.). (1996). Multicultural Counseling Competencies: Assessment, Education and Training, and Supervision. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
**Richards, P. S., & Bergin, A. E. (1997). A Spiritual Strategy for Counseling and Psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Extraordinary synthesis on the psychotherapy/spirituality interface.
**Richards, P. S., & Bergin, A. E. (2000). Handbook of Psychotherapy and Religious Diversity. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
*Ridley, C. (1995). Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Essential reading on an extraordinarily difficult topic.
Roysircar-Sodowsky, G., & Impara, R. C. (Eds.). (1996). Multicultural Assessment in Counseling and Clinical Psychology. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univerisity of Nebraska.
* Ruiz, P. (Ed.) (1995). Cross-Cultural Psychiatry. In J. Oldham & M. Riba (Eds.), Annual Review of Psychiatry (Vol. 14, ). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. Concise chapters on assessment, psychotherapy, psychopharmacology.
**Ruiz, P (Ed.). (2000). Ethnicity and Psychopharmacology. Washington, D.C.: APPI Press. An update of Lin (1993).
Samuda, R. J. (1998). Psychological Testing of American Minorities. Issues and Consequences. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
*Sanchez-Hucles .J. (2000). The First Session with African-Americans: A Step-by-Step Guide. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Santiago-Rivera, A. L., Arredondo, P., & Maritza Gallardo-Cooper. (2002). Counseling Latinos and La Familia. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Schumaker, J. F., & Ward, T. (Eds.). (2001). Cultural Cognition and Psychopathology. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.
**Scotton, B., Chinen, A., & Battista, J. (Eds.). (1996). Textbook of Transpersonal Psychiatry and Psychology. New York, NY: Basic Books. Essential reading for those interested in spirituality/psychiatry.
*Shafranske, E. (Ed.). (1996). Religion and the Clinical Practice of Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Best-selling comprehensive overview.
Straussner, Shulamith Lala Ashenberg. (2001). Ethnocultural Factors in Substance Abuse Treatment. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
**Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2003). Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice (4th. edition). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. An update on a classic from counseling psychology.
*Sue, D., Ivey, A., & Pedersen, P. (Eds.). (1996). A Theory of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Analogous in scholarly importance to counseling psychology as Rethinking Psychiatry is for psychiatry.
*Sue, D. W., Carter, R. T., Casas, J. M., Fouad, N. A., Ivey, A. E., Jensen, M., Lafromboise, T., Manese, J. E., Ponterotto, J. G., & Vazquez-Nutall, E. (1998). Multicultural Counseling Competencies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Suzuki, L. A., Meller, P. J., & Ponterotto, J. G. (Eds.) (2000). Handbook of Multicultural Assessment. (2nd ed.) San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Ting-Toomey, S. (1999). Communicating Across Cultures. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Thompson, C. & Carter, R. (Eds.). (1997). Racial Identity Theory. Mahwah, New Jersey: Erlbaum.
*Tseng, W.-S. & Streltzer, J. (Eds.). (1997). Culture and Psychopathology: A Guide to Clinical Assessment. New York, NY: Brunner/Mazel, Inc.
**Tseng, W.-S., & Streltzer, J. (Eds.). (2001). Culture and Psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
***Tseng, W.-S. (2001). Handbook of Cultural Psychiatry. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
**Tseng, W.-S. (2003). Clinician’s Guide to Cultural Psychiatry. New York: Elsevier.
***U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity—A supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. A landmark essential reading on mental health disparities. (www.surgeongeneral.gov)
Walsh, F. (Ed.). (1999). Spiritual Resources in Family Therapy. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
*Westermeyer, J. (1989). Psychiatric Care of Migrants: A Clinical Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. A practical guide - very useful in clinical care.
Young-Bruehl, E. (1996). The Anatomy of Prejudices. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. A psychoanalytic perspective on many forms of prejudice. Very scholarly.
There are three major journals exploring these areas. They are Transcultural Psychiatry (published by Sage); Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry (published by Kluwer) and Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology (published by the American Psychological Association).
“The Culture of Emotions” is a 58-minute training videotape (2002) that discusses the DSM-IV Outline for Cultural Formulation. It features twenty three multidisciplinary experts in cultural psychiatry commenting on sections of the Outline. It was written, produced, and directed by Harriet Koskoff and is available through Fanlight Productions (www.fanlight.com). A Study Guide and annotated bibliography are available as downloads from the webpage describing the videotape.
1. The American Psychological Association
Multicultural Guidelines are
available at www.apa.org/pi/multiculturalguidelines.pdf. This is a landmark document, supported by several APA divisions, that took 3 years to get through the APA structure.
Also, you can search "disparity" on the APA website at http://search3.apa.org/results.cfm.
2. Many of the National Institutes of Health have written strategic plans to reduce health disparities. Ones by NIDA, NIAAA, OSSR (approx sp.) + others can be found at http://healthdisparities .nih.gov/working/institutes.html. I could not access the NIMH one, although I have done so in the past.
3. The National Center on Minority Health
+ Health Disparities can be found
4. The American Medical Association efforts on disparities can be seen at www. assn.org/ama/pub/article/2403-7066.html. Also you can check www.Ama-assn.org/go/diversity/healthdisparities.
5. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) sponsors a campaign to reduce health care disparities. The Henry J. Kaiser and Robert Wood Johnson foundations, along with the AAMC and nine other co-sponsoring health care associations, have launched a $1 million campaign to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health care. This national initiative includes an outreach effort to engage physicians in dialogue; an advertising campaign in major medical publications; and a review of the evidence on racial/ethnic disparities in healthcare. The campaign begins with a focus on cardiac care and, as part of the effort, the American College of Cardiology and the Kaiser Foundation recently released a report listing racial and ethnic disparities in cardiac care. Information: Go to http://www.kff.org/content/2003/6067
6. Cultural and Linguistic Appropriate Stds OMH, HHS 12/00 at www.omhrc.gov/clas
7. Mass General Hospital Office of Multicultural Education. Has a search engine for updated literature at www.mgh.harvard.edu/healthpolicy/cchc.htm.
8. The Provider's Guide to Quality and Culture, HRSA at http://erc.msh.org/quality&culture.
9. McGill University, Department of Psychiatry Transcultural Division Cultural Consultation Project at www.mcgill.ca/psychiatry/ccs/eng/finalreport/toc.html.